The Path to Becoming a Doctor: From School to Residency and Beyond

Feb 8, 2024 | Health and Wellness

What is required to become a doctor?

Being a doctor is a dream for many people. Doctors help people feel better when they are sick or hurt. But do you know what it takes to become a doctor? Let’s find out!

1. Go to school:

To become a doctor, you need to go to school for a long time. You have to study a lot to learn about the human body and how to help people stay healthy.

  • Elementary school: First, you have to finish elementary school. This is where you learn the basics like math, science, and reading.
  • High school: After elementary school, you go to high school. Here, you study more advanced subjects like biology and chemistry. These subjects will help you understand how the body works.

2. College and Medical School:

Next, you have to go to college and then medical school. These are special schools where you learn all about being a doctor.

  • College: In college, you study pre-medical courses. These courses include subjects like anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry. They help you prepare for medical school.
  • Medical school: After college, you can go to medical school. In medical school, you learn even more about the human body and how to treat different illnesses. You also get to practice what you learn by working with patients under the guidance of experienced doctors.

3. Residency:

Once you finish medical school, you are not yet a doctor. You need to complete a residency program.

  • Residency: Residency is like an apprenticeship. During this time, you work in a hospital and learn from experienced doctors. You get to see different patients and learn how to diagnose and treat their illnesses. Residency can last for several years, depending on the type of doctor you want to be.

4. Specialty Training:

If you want to specialize in a specific area of medicine, like being a surgeon or a pediatrician, you need to get extra training.

  • Specialty training: This is when you focus on a specific field of medicine. For example, if you want to be a heart doctor, you would do extra training to become a cardiologist. This training helps you become an expert in that area.

5. Pass the Exams:

To become a fully qualified doctor, you need to pass some exams.

  • Licensing exam: After you finish your residency and specialty training, you have to take a licensing exam. This exam tests your knowledge and skills as a doctor.
  • Board certification: Some doctors also choose to become board certified. This means they take an extra exam to show they are experts in their specialty.

6. Keeping Up with Learning:

Once you become a doctor, you never stop learning. Medicine is always advancing, and doctors need to stay up to date with new treatments and discoveries.


Becoming a doctor requires a lot of hard work and dedication. You need to go to school for many years, study different subjects, and work with patients. But being a doctor is an amazing job because you get to help people and make them feel better!

Want to get reading comprehension questions related to this fact?

Was this article helpful?

Find more facts about Health and Wellness

Join a community of over 2 People

Find Your Favorite Facts